Soil Components and its Distribution

An approximation of how the various materials are present in the soil, is shown below

In the beginning the earth was a mass of large rocks that were eventually broken down by processes of erosion, grinding in rivers, geological processes, degradation by acids and organic matter, these processes are called weathering.

minerals according to their size are called Rock, Gravel, Sand, Silt and clay, these names are common to everyday language and are in the form of layers in the soil.

 

The humus (leaves, roots, seeds, chips, etc..) Affect the strength of the block. are found in greater amounts in the topsoil layer


The topsoil should
not be used to make the blocks.

 

According to the degree of weathering of the rock we can distinguish the following soil layers

 

clay

It forms a mud or swamp with excess water and is the component that gives cohesion to the block

 

Silt

Can be measured with the microscope have the feel of flour

 

Sand

It has the size of half a grain of rice.

 

Gravel

It has the size of a grain of corn.

 

Bed Rock

It Has the size greater than a ping pong ball, are in the deeper soil layer.


All these components are in smaller proportions in all soil layers.

 

The soil mixtures of various soil layers, are advisable to make brick, but you should avoid the Humus.

 

Make The Soil Test to determine how to mix your soil to make Eco-blocks.

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